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J Am Chem Soc. 2005 Oct 5;127(39):13462-3.

A structurally perfect S = (1/2) kagomé antiferromagnet.

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  • 1Department of Chemistry, 6-335, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139-4307, USA.

Abstract

The syntheses and magnetic susceptibilities of a pure series of rare copper minerals from the atacamite family with general formula ZnxCu4-x(OH)6Cl2 (0 </= x </= 1) are reported. The structure of these compounds features a corner-sharing triangular kagomé lattice of antiferromagnetically coupled Cu(II) ions. We correlate the onset of magnetic ordering with the mole fraction of paramagnetic Cu(II) ions located between kagomé layers and demonstrate that the fully Zn-substituted compound shows no magnetic ordering down to 2 K, resulting in a highly spin-frustrated S = 1/2 lattice.

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