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Transplant Proc. 2005 Jul-Aug;37(6):2614-5.

Mycophenolate mofetil monotherapy in liver transplantation.

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  • 1Liver Transplantation Centre, Molinette Hospital, Turin, Italy.

Abstract

AIM:

Calcineurin inhibitors (CI) are associated with significant morbidity in transplant recipients. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) monotherapy in liver transplantation (LT).

METHODS:

We analysed 32 patients (24 males, 8 female, of mean age 55.7 years) who underwent LT between 1994 and 2003. In 29 patients immunosuppressive therapy was cyclosporine; in three patients it was tacrolimus. Eleven patients were submitted for LT due to hepatitis B cirrhosis; eight for hepatitis C cirrhosis, six for alcoholic cirrhosis, and seven for other diseases. In these patients, MMF was added gradually, simultaneously reducing the dosage of CI up to complete withdrawal. We considered the efficacy (decrease in serum creatinine) and the incidence of complications (acute and chronic rejection, leukopenia, diarrhea).

RESULTS:

Patients were converted to MMF after a median of 50 months after LT. MMF monotherapy was started after a median of 9 months in association with CI. Indications for switch to MMF monotherapy were adverse effects of CI (renal disfunction in 30 patients) and de novo tumoral evidence after LT in two patients. Median dosage of MMF was 750 mg twice daily (500-1500 mg). There was a statistically significant decrease in serum creatinine levels (2.02-1.7 mg/dL; P = .0001). Side effects were: leukopenia in five of 32 patients (15.6%), diarrhea in four of 32 patients (12.5%), and one acute rejection.

CONCLUSION:

MMF monotherapy improved renal function and was not associated with a significant risk of allograft rejection. Side effects were mild with dose regimens up to 750 mg twice daily.

PMID:
16182763
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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