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Vet Ophthalmol. 2005 Sep-Oct;8(5):331-5.

Ocular penetration of oral doxycycline in the horse.

Author information

  • 1Veterinary Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, OK, USA. gmargi@cvm.okstate.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To investigate intraocular penetration of orally administered doxycycline in the normal equine eye and to compare intraocular and serum doxycycline concentrations. Procedures Six mares were administered doxycycline at 10 mg/kg every 12 h by nasogastric tube for 5 days. Blood, aqueous, and vitreous samples were collected on days 1 and 5. All samples were assayed for doxycycline concentrations. Aqueous and vitreous samples were also assayed for protein quantitation.

RESULTS:

Doxycycline was rapidly absorbed after the first dose (T(max) value of 1.42 +/- 1.28 h); and elimination of doxycycline occurred slowly (median t(1/2) = 10.88 h). Doxycycline could not be detected in the aqueous on days 1 and 5, nor could it be detected in the vitreous on day 1. On day 5, the mean vitreous doxycycline concentration was 0.17 +/- 0.04 microg/mL at 2 h after drug administration.

CONCLUSIONS:

Repeated oral administration of doxycycline in the horse resulted in steady state serum concentrations of < 1 microg/mL; however, it did not result in appreciable concentrations of drug in the aqueous and vitreous in normal eyes.

PMID:
16178844
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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