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Theor Appl Genet. 2005 Oct;111(6):1080-6. Epub 2005 Oct 11.

Delimitation of the rice wide compatibility gene S5 ( n ) to a 40-kb DNA fragment.

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  • 1National Key Laboratory of Crop Genetic Improvement, and National Center of Plant Gene Research-Wuhan, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070, China.


Wide compatibility varieties (WCVs) are a special class of rice (Oryza sativa L.) germplasm that produces hybrids with normal pollen and spikelet fertility when crossed with both indica and japonica subspecies. The wide compatibility gene S5 ( n ) has been used extensively in inter-subspecific hybrid breeding programs. We previously mapped the S5 locus to a 2.2-cM genomic region between RM253 and R2349 on chromosome 6, using a population of 356 F(1) plants derived from the three-way cross 02428/Nanjing11//Balilla. In this study, a chromosome walking strategy was employed to construct a physical map covering this genomic region using these two closest markers as the starting points. A physical map consisting of six overlapping BAC clones was formed, spanning a genomic region of 540-kb in length. By analyzing recombination events from a population of 8,000 F(1) plants derived from a three-way cross based on near isogenic lines of the S5 locus, the S5 locus was localized to a DNA fragment of 40-kb in length, flanked by two shotgun subclones, 7B1 and 15D2. Sequence analysis of this fragment predicted five open reading frames, encoding xyloglucan fucosyltransferases, dnak-type molecular chaperone BiP, a putative eukaryotic aspartyl protease, and a hypothetical protein. This result will be very useful in molecular cloning of the S5 ( n ) allele and marker-assisted transferring of the wide compatibility gene in rice breeding programs.

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