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Twin Res Hum Genet. 2005 Aug;8(4):362-7.

Verification of self-report of zygosity determined via DNA testing in a subset of the NAS-NRC twin registry 40 years later.

Author information

  • 1Department of Medical and Molecular Genetics, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN 46202, USA. treed@iupui.edu

Abstract

The National Academy of Sciences -- National Research Council (NAS-NRC) twin panel, created nearly 50 years ago, had twin zygosity determined primarily via a similarity questionnaire that has been estimated to correctly classify at least 95% of twins. In the course of a study on the genetics of healthy ageing in the NAS-NRC twins, DNA was collected for genome-wide scanning and zygosity confirmation was examined in 343 participating pairs. The sample was supplemented from two other studies using NAS-NRC twins where one or both co-twins were suspected to have Alzheimer disease or another dementia, or Parkinson's disease. Overall 578 twin pairs with DNA were analyzed. Zygosity assignment for 96.8% (519/536) was confirmed via questionnaire. Among 42 pairs whose questionnaire responses were inconclusive for assigning zygosity, 50% were found to be monozygous (MZ) and 50% were dizygous (DZ). There was some evidence for greater misclassification of presumed DZ pairs in the healthy ageing study where participation favored pairs who were similar in having a favorable health history and willingness to volunteer without any element of perceived risk for a specific disease influencing participation.

PMID:
16176721
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC1262657
Free PMC Article
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