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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2005 Sep 27;102(39):13813-8. Epub 2005 Sep 20.

Structure and ESCRT-III protein interactions of the MIT domain of human VPS4A.

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  • 1Department of Biochemistry, 20 N, 1900 E, University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City, UT 84132-3201, USA.


The VPS4 AAA ATPases function both in endosomal vesicle formation and in the budding of many enveloped RNA viruses, including HIV-1. VPS4 proteins act by binding and catalyzing release of the membrane-associated ESCRT-III protein lattice, thereby allowing multiple rounds of protein sorting and vesicle formation. Here, we report the solution structure of the N-terminal VPS4A microtubule interacting and transport (MIT) domain and demonstrate that the VPS4A MIT domain binds the C-terminal half of the ESCRT-III protein, CHMP1B (Kd = 20 +/- 13 microM). The MIT domain forms an asymmetric three-helix bundle that resembles the first three helices in a tetratricopeptide repeat (TPR) motif. Unusual interhelical interactions are mediated by a series of conserved aromatic residues that form coiled-coil interactions between the second two helices and also pack against the conserved alanines that interdigitate between the first two helices. Mutational analyses revealed that a conserved leucine residue (Leu-64) on the third helix that would normally bind the fourth helix in an extended TPR is used to bind CHMP1B, raising the possibility that ESCRT-III proteins may bind by completing the TPR motif.

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