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Br J Psychiatry. 1992 Jun;160:777-80.

Links between early post-partum mood and post-natal depression.

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  • 1Bernhard Baron Memorial Research Laboratories, Queen Charlotte's and Chelsea Hospital, London.

Abstract

The Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) was used to rate 217 patients at five days and six weeks post-partum. There was a highly significant positive correlation between the two scores, together with similar symptom profiles. Of the 25 women who suffered post-natal depression (6-week EPDS score greater than or equal to 13), 17 had similar symptoms in the first week post-partum (5-day EPDS score greater than or equal to 10). Low birth weight of the baby, delivery by Caesarean section, a delivery much more difficult than expected, and bottle feeding were all significantly associated with a high EPDS score in the first week post-partum. Bottle feeding and delivery by Caesarean section were the only factors associated with depression at the sixth week. A recollection of low mood after a previous birth was also associated with post-natal depression after the current birth. This, together with an EPDS score of 13 or more at five days post-partum, increased the risk of post-natal depression at six weeks 85-fold.

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PMID:
1617360
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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