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IEEE Trans Inf Technol Biomed. 2005 Sep;9(3):295-318.

Electroactive polymer-based devices for e-textiles in biomedicine.

Author information

  • 1Interdepartmental Research Centre E. Piaggio, University of Pisa, 56126 Pisa, Italy.

Erratum in

  • IEEE Trans Inf Technol Biomed. 2005 Dec;9(4):574.


This paper describes the early conception and latest developments of electroactive polymer (EAP)-based sensors, actuators, electronic components, and power sources, implemented as wearable devices for smart electronic textiles (e-textiles). Such textiles, functioning as multifunctional wearable human interfaces, are today considered relevant promoters of progress and useful tools in several biomedical fields, such as biomonitoring, rehabilitation, and telemedicine. After a brief outline on ongoing research and the first products on e-textiles under commercial development, this paper presents the most highly performing EAP-based devices developed by our lab and other research groups for sensing, actuation, electronics, and energy generation/storage, with reference to their already demonstrated or potential applicability to electronic textiles.

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