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J Clin Invest. 2005 Oct;115(10):2904-13. Epub 2005 Sep 15.

TCR stimulation with modified anti-CD3 mAb expands CD8+ T cell population and induces CD8+CD25+ Tregs.

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  • 1Department of Medicine, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, New York 10032, USA.


Modified anti-CD3 mAbs are emerging as a possible means of inducing immunologic tolerance in settings including transplantation and autoimmunity such as in type 1 diabetes. In a trial of a modified anti-CD3 mAb [hOKT3gamma1(Ala-Ala)] in patients with type 1 diabetes, we identified clinical responders by an increase in the number of peripheral blood CD8+ cells following treatment with the mAb. Here we show that the anti-CD3 mAb caused activation of CD8+ T cells that was similar in vitro and in vivo and induced regulatory CD8+CD25+ T cells. These cells inhibited the responses of CD4+ cells to the mAb itself and to antigen. The regulatory CD8+CD25+ cells were CTLA4 and Foxp3 and required contact for inhibition. Foxp3 was also induced on CD8+ T cells in patients during mAb treatment, which suggests a potential mechanism of the anti-CD3 mAb immune modulatory effects involving induction of a subset of regulatory CD8+ T cells.

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