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J Clin Pharm Ther. 2005 Oct;30(5):455-8.

Seventy-two-hour stability of Taxol in 5% dextrose or 0.9% sodium chloride in Viaflo, Freeflex, Ecoflac and Macoflex N non-PVC bags.

Author information

  • 1CNRS FRE- 2737, UFR Pharmacy, University of La Méditerranée, Marseille cedex, France.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES:

Taxol (paclitaxel), is an antimicrotubule agent widely prescribed for the treatment of many tumoral diseases. Taxol must be used in non-polyvinyl chloride bags, diluted to concentrations of 0.3-1.2 mg/mL in 5% dextrose or in 0.9% sodium chloride. Under these conditions, Taxol is chemically and physically stable for 27 h at 25 degrees C. The aim of the study was to evaluate the 72-h stability of Taxol under common clinical use conditions.

METHODS:

Taxol was diluted with 5% dextrose and 0.9% sodium chloride to final concentrations of 0.3 and 1.2 mg/mL in four polyolefin bags (Viaflo, Freeflex, Ecoflac and Macoflex N). Taxol-stability, was assessed by turbidimetry and by high-performance liquid chromatography using solutions stored in the dark, over 72 h at +4 degrees C.

RESULTS:

No haze, turbidity, or precipitate was observed. Paclitaxel concentration remained above 95% of the initial value whatever the solvent or container used.

CONCLUSION:

Paclitaxel at 0.3 and 1.2 mg/mL in 5% dextrose and in 0.9% sodium chloride is stable in Viaflo, Freeflex, Ecoflac and Macoflex N non-PVC bags for 72 h in the dark at +4 degrees C. The longer stability should make the use of Taxol in clinical practice easier.

PMID:
16164492
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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