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J Nucl Med. 2005 Sep;46(9):1561-9.

Evaluation of [99mTc/EDDA/HYNIC0]octreotide derivatives compared with [111In-DOTA0,Tyr3, Thr8]octreotide and [111In-DTPA0]octreotide: does tumor or pancreas uptake correlate with the rate of internalization?

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  • 1Division of Radiological Chemistry, Department of Radiology, University Hospital of Basel, Basel, Switzerland.


Radiolabeled somatostatin analogs are important tools for the in vivo localization and targeted radionuclide therapy of somatostatin receptor-positive tumors. The aim of this study was to compare 3 somatostatin analogs designed for the labeling with (99m)Tc (where HYNIC is 6-hydrazinopyridine-3-carboxylic acid): 6-hydrazinopyridine-3-carboxylic acid(0)-octreotide (HYNIC-OC/(99m)Tc-(1)), [HYNIC(0),Tyr(3)]octreotide (HYNIC-TOC/(99m)Tc-(2)), and [HYNIC(0),Tyr(3),Thr(8)]octreotide (HYNIC-TATE/(99m)Tc-(3)), using ethylenediamine-N,N'-diacetic acid (EDDA) as a coligand. In addition, we compared the (99m)Tc-labeled peptides [(111)In-diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid(0)]octreotide ([(111)In-DTPA]-OC) and [(111)In-1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane-1,4,7,10-tetraacetic acid(0),Tyr(3),Thr(8)]octreotide ([(111)In-DOTA]-TATE) with regard to the rate of internalization and the biodistribution in AR4-2J (expressing the somatostatin receptor subtype 2) tumor-bearing rats. The main attention was directed toward a potential correlation between the rate of internalization and the tumor or pancreas uptake.


Synthesis was performed on solid phase using a standard Fmoc strategy. Internalization was studied in cell culture (AR4-2J) and biodistribution was studied using a Lewis rat tumor model (AR4-2J).


The 5 radiopeptides showed a specific internalization into AR4-2J cells in culture (as shown by blocking experiments). The rate of internalization of the 5 radiopeptides differed significantly according to the following order: (99m)Tc-(1) approximately = [(111)In-DTPA]-OC < (99m)Tc-(2) < (99m)Tc-(3) approximately = [(111)In-DOTA]-TATE. All radiopeptides displayed a rapid blood clearance and a fast clearance from all somatostatin receptor-negative tissues predominantly via the kidneys. A receptor-specific uptake of radioactivity was observed for all compounds in somatostatin receptor-positive organs such as the pancreas, the adrenals, and the stomach. After 4 h, the uptake in the AR4-2J tumor was comparable for (99m)Tc-(2) (3.85 +/- 1.0 injected dose per gram tissue (%ID/g)), (99m)Tc-(3) (3.99 +/- 0.58%ID/g), and [(111)In-DOTA]-TATE (4.12 +/- 0.74%ID/g) but much lower for [(111)In-DTPA]-OC (0.99 +/- 0.08%ID/g) and (99m)Tc-(1) (0.70 +/- 0.13%ID/g). The specificity was determined by blocking experiments using a large excess of [Tyr(3)]octreotide. (99m)Tc-(3) displayed the highest tumor-to-kidney ratio (2.5:1), followed by (99m)Tc(2) (1.9:1) and [(111)In-DOTA]-TATE (1.7:1).


These data show that the 5 radiopeptides are specific radioligands for the somatostatin receptor subtype 2. The rate of internalization correlates with the uptake in the tumor (R(2) = 0.75; P = 0.026) and pancreas (R(2) = 0.98; P = 7.4.10(-5)). [Tyr(3),Thr(8)]octreotide derivatives show superiority over the corresponding octreotide and [Tyr(3)]octreotide derivatives, indicating that [(111)In-DOTA]-TATE and [(99m)Tc/EDDA/HYNIC]-TATE are suitable candidates for clinical studies.

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