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Urology. 1992 Jun;39(6):515-8.

Late metastases in seminoma: incidence, localization, and therapeutic implications.

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  • 1Department of Urology, Heinrich Heine Universität, Düsseldorf, Germany.


Late metastases of seminoma testis were found in 2 patients thirty and nine years after orchiectomy and radiotherapy. Metastases involved retroperitoneal lymph nodes and lung in 1 case and obstruction of the sigmoid colon and left ureter in the other. Cases of late, atypically localized metastases of seminoma described in the literature are reviewed. Therapy includes surgical removal of the metastases, radiation therapy, and systemic chemotherapy. Therapeutic considerations must include toxicity of preceding radiotherapy.

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