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Int J Obes (Lond). 2005 Oct;29(10):1199-203.

Childhood obesity and socioeconomic status: a novel role for height growth limitation.

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  • 1The Bute Medical School, University of St Andrews, UK.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To assess prevalence and socioeconomic context of overweight and obesity in a cohort of Scottish children.

DESIGN:

Cross-sectional study.

SETTING:

Primary schools in Dundee, Angus, and Fife, Eastern Scotland, UK.

PARTICIPANTS:

A total of 1240 boys and 1214 girls aged between 4-10 y.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE:

Weight, height and body mass index (weight/height2).

RESULTS:

Overall overweight or obesity prevalence was 24.6%, while prevalence of obesity alone was 6.1%. Individuals from schools with a high level of low-income families were 65% more likely to be overweight as judged by BMI. However, these children weighed the same as more affluent children of the same age, but were 1.26 cm shorter.

CONCLUSION:

These data confirm the continued increase in childhood obesity in the UK and reveal a role for height-growth limitation in the absence of overall growth restriction, among children from low-income groups. This observation raises important questions regarding socioeconomic environmental factors in promoting the currently increasing levels of obesity.

PMID:
16155587
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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