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Trends Immunol. 2005 Nov;26(11):565-71. Epub 2005 Sep 8.

Virtues and pitfalls of EAE for the development of therapies for multiple sclerosis.

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  • 1Department of Neurology and Neurological Sciences, Chair Interdepartmental Program in Immunology, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA. steinman@stanford.edu


Experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) is a useful model for aiding the development of new treatments for MS. All therapies approved for MS ameliorate EAE. Two approved medications, glatiramer acetate and Natalizumab, were developed directly from studies in EAE. Several trials are ongoing in MS after success in EAE, including altered peptide ligands of myelin, DNA vaccines and statins. However, EAE has failed to predict the outcome of certain approaches. The reasons underlying such failures are discussed here.

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