Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
We are sorry, but NCBI web applications do not support your browser and may not function properly. More information
Cleft Palate Craniofac J. 2005 Sep;42(5):565-9.

Spontaneous verbal labeling: visual memory and reading ability in children with cleft.

Author information

  • 1Department of Pediatrics, University of Iowa, Iowa City, USA. lynn-richman@uiowa.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The purpose of this study was to examine different types of short-term memory deficits (visual versus verbal) of children with cleft and to determine what type of memory deficits were associated with reading disorders.

DESIGN:

The study examined memory and reading in 48 consecutive cases of children with cleft, aged 7 to 9 years. A memory test designed to assess memory modalities (verbal-visual) was administered, along with tests of reading ability.

RESULTS:

Visual and verbal memory were examined with a one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA). The memory pattern indicated greatest deficit in visual memory. Two subgroups were formed, according to whether or not there was evidence of visual memory impairment. A hit rate predicting reading disability based on group membership was calculated to be 65%. Visual memory was significantly correlated with reading ability (r = .48).

CONCLUSION:

A brief visual memory test was almost as good as Full Scale IQ in predicting reading disability.

PMID:
16149841
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk