Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Hypertens. 2005 Oct;23(10):1895-903.

Neutralization of transforming growth factor-beta attenuates hypertension and prevents renal injury in uremic rats.

Author information

  • 1Research Centre and Division of Nephrology & Hypertension, CHUQ, L'Hôtel-Dieu de Québec Hospital and Department of Medicine, Université Laval, Québec, Canada.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

We investigate the role of transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) in hypertension and renal failure progression in uremic rats, and whether it modulates the endothelin (ET) system.

DESIGN:

Following renal mass reduction, uremic rats (Nx) received the pan-specific TGF-beta neutralizing antibody 1D11 (0.5 mg/kg, three times/week), the isotype control antibody 13C4 or the AT1 antagonist losartan (10 mg/kg per day) for 6 weeks.

RESULTS:

Before treatment, the blood pressure was higher in Nx rats and increased further over time in Nx+13C4 rats. At the end of the study, Nx+13C4 rats exhibited increased serum creatinine, proteinuria and renal expression and excretion of TGF-beta1 and ET-1. ET-1 concentrations were greater in vascular and renal tissues, whereas the ETB receptor expression was reduced. Renal injuries were comprised of blood vessel hypertrophy, glomerular sclerosis, tubular atrophy and interstitial fibrosis, which was associated with increased alpha-smooth muscle actin expression. Treatment of uremic rats with the 1D11 antibody attenuated the increase in blood pressure and the decline in renal function. Losartan normalized the blood pressure and significantly attenuated the increase in serum creatinine and proteinuria. However, both treatments prevented renal TGF-beta1 and ET-1 overexpression, and prevented all renal histological injuries. The 1D11 antibody only improved ETB receptor expression.

CONCLUSIONS:

Neutralization of TGF-beta attenuates hypertension and renal failure progression in uremic animals, in part, by preventing renal injury processes. These effects may be related to the modulation of the ET system, preventing renal ET-1 overproduction and the reduction of ETB receptor expression. Our data also suggest that TGF-beta1 is involved, at least in part, in the pathological effects related to angiotensin II in chronic renal failure.

PMID:
16148614
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Icon for Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk