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J Immunol. 2005 Sep 15;175(6):3469-73.

Cutting edge: innate immunity conferred by B cells is regulated by caspase-8.

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  • 1Division of Biological Sciences, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA.


Caspase-8 is an essential component of death receptor-mediated apoptosis. Along with Fas-associated death domain protein, it is also essential for T cell proliferation in response to antigenic or mitogenic stimuli. To determine whether caspase-8 is also required for B cell proliferation, we generated mice with a B cell-specific Casp8 deficiency. Unlike T cells, caspase-8 was not required for Ag receptor-driven proliferation or Ab formation. Rather, Casp8-deficient B cells failed to proliferate in response to dsRNA and LPS, ligands for TLR3 and TLR4, respectively, but responded normally to the TLR9 agonist CpG DNA. Similarly, Ab production to trinitrophenol-LPS was selectively reduced in B cell-specific Casp8-deficient mice. The activation of NF-kappaB or IFN regulatory factor 3 was found to be unaffected by the loss of caspase-8, implicating it in a novel pathway important for some forms of innate immunity mediated by B cells.

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