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Int J Obes (Lond). 2006 Apr;30(4):652-60.

Exercise does not feel the same when you are overweight: the impact of self-selected and imposed intensity on affect and exertion.

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  • 1Department of Health and Human Performance, Iowa State University, IA 50011, USA. ekkekakis@iastate.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The lower rates of adherence to physical activity commonly found among overweight adults compared to their normal-weight counterparts might be due to the activity being experienced as more laborious and less pleasant, particularly when its intensity is prescribed (or imposed) rather than self-selected.

DESIGN:

Within-subject design, with two 20-min sessions of treadmill exercise, one at self-selected speed and one at imposed speed, 10% higher than the self-selected.

SUBJECTS:

A total of 16 overweight (BMI: 31 kg/m2) and 9 normal-weight (BMI: 22 kg/m2) previously sedentary but healthy women (age: 43 years).

MEASUREMENTS:

Heart rate, oxygen uptake relative to body weight, and ratings of perceived exertion and pleasure-displeasure were assessed every 5 min.

RESULTS:

The overweight women showed higher oxygen uptake and perceived exertion than the normal-weight women during both sessions. Although the two groups did not differ in ratings of pleasure-displeasure during the session at self-selected speed, only the overweight women showed a significant decline when the speed was imposed.

CONCLUSIONS:

Imposing a speed that is just 10% higher than what overweight women would have self-selected led to a significant decline in reported pleasure. Over time, this could diminish the enjoyment of and intrinsic motivation for physical activity, reducing adherence.

PMID:
16130028
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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