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Nat Immunol. 2005 Oct;6(10):981-8. Epub 2005 Aug 28.

IPS-1, an adaptor triggering RIG-I- and Mda5-mediated type I interferon induction.

Author information

  • 1Exploratory Research for Advanced Technology, Japan Science and Technology Agency.

Abstract

Type I interferons are central mediators for antiviral responses. Using high-throughput functional screening of interferon inducers, we have identified here a molecule we call interferon-beta promoter stimulator 1 (IPS-1). Overexpression of IPS-1 induced type I interferon and interferon-inducible genes through activation of IRF3, IRF7 and NF-kappaB transcription factors. TBK1 and IKKi protein kinases were required for the IPS-1-mediated interferon induction. IPS-1 contained an N-terminal CARD-like structure that mediated interaction with the CARD of RIG-I and Mda5, which are cytoplasmic RNA helicases that sense viral infection. 'Knockdown' of IPS-1 by small interfering RNA blocked interferon induction by virus infection. Thus, IPS-1 is an adaptor involved in RIG-I- and Mda5-mediated antiviral immune responses.

Comment in

  • Hitching RIG to action. [Nat Immunol. 2005]
PMID:
16127453
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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