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Injury. 2006 May;37(5):374-9. Epub 2005 Aug 22.

Controversies in fluid resuscitation for burn management: literature review and our experience.

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  • 1Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Rambam Medical Centre & Bruce Rapaport Faculty of Medicine, Haifa, Israel.


The purpose of this review is to summarise the commonly used formulae for fluid resuscitation in major burns and to discuss the controversy surrounding the use of protein-based colloids as a component of these types of formulae. Fluid resuscitation in major burns is one of the most critical steps in managing this type of injury. In practice, a wide variety of formulae for fluid resuscitation has been suggested. Some propose only the use of crystalloids, while others combine the colloids together with crystalloids. A review was performed of the literature addressing fluid resuscitation formulae and our experience using our formula is presented. At the authors' burn centre a unique formula is in use, which combines plasma and crystalloids. Our experience using this specific formula extends over a period of 15 years and 356 patients with major burns have been resuscitated using this protocol. At our centre, 27 deaths were recorded, 19 of which had third degree burns of more than 80% total body surface area (TBSA). The protein-based colloids are included in most of the formulae and the beneficial effect is considered to be higher than the potential side effects. We are in favour of administering colloids during the resuscitation period for major burns, starting in the early period after injury.

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