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J Extra Corpor Technol. 2005 Jun;37(2):196-200.

Quality of thrombin produced from the patient's own plasma using the TPD, a new Thrombin-processing Device.

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  • 1Thermogenesis Corp., Rancho Cordova, California, USA.


Thrombin derived from bovine sources commonly is used to arrest bleeding during surgical procedures. However, complications such as postoperative hemorrhage can occur because of the development of cross-reactive anti-bovine antibodies that inhibit human coagulation factor V. It would thus be advantageous to develop techniques to generate human thrombin. This study evaluated thrombin produced from human plasma using a new Thrombin-Processing Device (TPD). Plasma was introduced into the TPD, mixed with an ethanol/ CaCl2 reagent, incubated for 1 h, and the harvested thrombin was assayed for activity and the ability to activate platelets by in vitro assays. TPD-produced thrombin activity was found to be 51.8 +/- 12.4 IU/mL (n = 145). TPD-produced thrombin also stimulated P-selectin (CD62) expression (83 +/- 13% of the platelet population) and Annexin V binding (10.3 +/- 2% of the platelet population) on platelets in a similar fashion to commercial thrombin (P-selectin expression: 88 +/- 3%; Annexin-V binding: 11.4 +/- 3%). Compared with CaCl2 and batroxobin, TPD-produced thrombin had a significantly greater ability to activate platelets. TPD-produced thrombin from human plasma has consistent activity and significantly activates platelets and, thus, may have attractive applications such as the production of autologous thrombin for surgical patients.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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