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Br J Haematol. 2005 Sep;130(5):700-8.

Identification of ID-1 as a potential target gene of MMSET in multiple myeloma.

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  • 1The Department of Haematology L, Herlev University Hospital, University of Copenhagen, Herlev, Denmark.

Abstract

The frequently detected t(4;14)(p16.3;q32) translocation in multiple myeloma (MM) results in a dysregulation of two potential oncogenes: multiple myeloma SET domain (MMSET) and fibroblast growth factor receptor 3 (FGFR3). As the expression of FGFR3 is undetectable in 30% of the t(4;14)+ MM patients, MMSET has been suggested to play an important role in the malignant transformation associated with the t(4;14) translocation. Screening with a real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) found complex expression patterns of the MMSET transcripts in fluorescence-activated cell sorted (FACS)-purified plasma cells (PCs) from 15 t(4;14)+ MM patients. In addition, potential target genes of MMSET type I and II were identified, using microarray analyses of MMSET transfected cell lines. Subsequently, the expression of potential target genes was verified by real-time PCR in FACS-purified PCs from 15 t(4;14)+ and 22 t(4;14)- MM patients. We suggest that the inhibitor of differentiation 1 (ID-1) is a target gene of MMSET, based on its upregulation in MMSET transfected cell lines and a significant association between the t(4;14) translocation and ID-1 expression in MM patients (P = 0.002). As high levels of ID-1 are associated with cancer, our findings indicate that MMSET promotes oncogenic transformation in t(4;14)+ MM patients by transcriptional activation of ID-1 expression.

PMID:
16115125
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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