Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
We are sorry, but NCBI web applications do not support your browser and may not function properly. More information
Genes Dev. 2005 Sep 1;19(17):2054-65. Epub 2005 Aug 17.

The PTEN/PI3K pathway governs normal vascular development and tumor angiogenesis.

Author information

  • 1Department of Molecular Biology, Department of Microbiology, Department of Gastroenterology, Akita University School of Medicine, Akita 010-8543, Japan.

Abstract

PTEN is an important tumor suppressor gene. Hereditary mutation of PTEN causes tumor-susceptibility diseases such as Cowden disease. We used the Cre-loxP system to generate an endothelial cell-specific mutation of Pten (Tie2CrePten) in mice. Tie2CrePten(flox/+) mice displayed enhanced tumorigenesis due to an increase in angiogenesis driven by vascular growth factors. This effect was partially dependent on the PI3K subunits p85alpha and p110gamma. In vitro, Tie2CrePten(flox/+) endothelial cells showed enhanced proliferation/migration. Tie2CrePten(flox/flox) mice died before embryonic day 11.5 (E11.5) due to bleeding and cardiac failure caused by impaired recruitment of pericytes and vascular smooth muscle cells to blood vessels, and of cardiomyocytes to the endocardium. These phenotypes depend strongly on p110gamma rather than on p85alpha and were associated with decreased expression of Ang-1, VCAM-1, connexin 40, and ephrinB2 but increased expression of Ang-2, VEGF-A, VEGFR1, and VEGFR2. Pten is thus indispensable for normal cardiovascular morphogenesis and post-natal angiogenesis, including tumor angiogenesis.

PMID:
16107612
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC1199575
Free PMC Article

Images from this publication.See all images (6)Free text

Figure 1.
Figure 2.
Figure 3.
Figure 4.
Figure 5.
Figure 6.
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk