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Am J Hum Genet. 1992 Jul;51(1):45-54.

Cloning of a candidate gene for ataxia-telangiectasia group D.

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  • 1Laboratory of Radiobiology and Environmental Health, University of California, San Francisco 94143-0750.


Transfection, with a human cosmid clone library, of an ataxia-telangiectasia (AT) cell line (AT5BIVA) from complementation group D previously resulted in the isolation of a cell line (1B3) with partially restored resistance to ionizing radiation. We rescued the integrated cosmid sequences within 1B3 and obtained two cosmid clones that contained overlapping DNA from chromosomal region 11q23, previously shown to be the region containing the AT gene(s) from three complementation groups. Isolation of an apparently full-length 3.0-kb cDNA from a HeLa cell library demonstrated a previously unidentified gene (ATDC) within these cosmid clones. The transfected copy of the ATDC gene in 1B3 is truncated at the 3' end but is a complete transcription unit, because of the presence of SV40 termination sequences within the adjacent cosmid DNA. After further screening of cosmid clones from a chromosome 11 library, we identified contiguous DNA that contained the missing portion of the gene. Southern blot analysis indicated that the ATDC gene is present in a single copy in the human genome; however, RNA blot analysis revealed mRNA of several sizes (1.8, 2.6, 3.0, 4.7, and 5.7 kb) that varied among different cell lines. Because no large rearrangements were detected in AT5BIVA cells by Southern or RNA blot analysis, any alteration in the ATDC gene in this cell line would involve a point mutation or a small rearrangement. Transfection of the AT5BIVA cell line with one of the cosmids partially restored radioresistance. Analysis of 100 X-radiation hybrid cell lines containing various fragments from the chromosomal region 11q23 showed that the ATDC gene is closely linked to THY1. The ATDC gene therefore lies outside the linkage region predicted to contain the AT gene(s) for complementation groups A and C, indicating a separate locus for the AT complementation group D gene.

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