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Gynecol Oncol. 2005 Dec;99(3):591-6. Epub 2005 Aug 10.

Intraperitoneal carboplatin infusion may be a pharmacologically more reasonable route than intravenous administration as a systemic chemotherapy. A comparative pharmacokinetic analysis of platinum using a new mathematical model after intraperitoneal vs. intravenous infusion of carboplatin--a Sankai Gynecology Study Group (SGSG) study.

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  • 1Okayama Red Cross General Hospital, Okayama City, and Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Kawasaki Medical School, Kurashiki City, Japan.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To clarify the pharmacological advantage of carboplatin-based intraperitoneal chemotherapy using the three-compartment mathematical model.

METHODS:

Eleven consecutive patients in one institution underwent intraperitoneal administration of carboplatin, and 11 consecutive patients in another institution received intravenous administration. Carboplatin (AUC=6 mg x min/ml) was diluted in 500 ml 5% glucose and administered either as an intraperitoneal bolus infusion or intravenous drip infusion during 1 h. Patients undergoing intravenous injection also received an infusion of 500 ml 5% glucose to obtain intraperitoneal samples. Intraperitoneal fluid and blood samples were obtained, immediately and 1, 2, 4, 8, 12, and 24 h after administration. The mathematical model consisting of a three-compartment model was applied to analyze the pharmacokinetics. The model was created with simultaneous differential equations and was solved by the Runge-Kutta method.

RESULTS:

The rate constants of platinum diffusion from the peritoneal cavity to serum, serum to peritoneal cavity, serum to peripheral space, peripheral space to serum, and elimination were 0.94+/-0.79 (mean+/-SD), 1.28+/-2.50, 16.50+/-9.26, 0.99+/-0.62, and 4.14+/-1.45 (h-1), respectively. When the theoretical pharmacological concentration of platinum was calculated using this mathematical model, 24-h platinum AUC in the serum was exactly the same regardless of intraperitoneal or intravenous administration of carboplatin. However, the 24-h platinum AUC in the peritoneal cavity was approximately 17 times higher when carboplatin was administered by the intraperitoneal route.

CONCLUSION:

The present pharmacological analysis suggests that intraperitoneal infusion of carboplatin is feasible not only as an intraperitoneal regional therapy but also as a more reasonable route for systemic chemotherapy.

PMID:
16095677
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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