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Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol. 2005 Jul;40(7):519-28. Epub 2005 Aug 15.

Violence and PTSD in Mexico: gender and regional differences.

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  • 1Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Division of Violence Prevention, Atlanta, GA, 30341, USA. cbaker@cdc.gov

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

We examined the lifetime prevalence of violence in Mexico and how different characteristics of the violent event effect the probability of meeting criteria for lifetime post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).

METHOD:

We interviewed a probability sample of 2,509 adults from 4 cities in Mexico (Oaxaca, Guadalajara, Hermosillo, Mérida) using the Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI).

RESULTS:

Lifetime prevalence of violence was 34%. Men reported more single-experience, recurrent, physical, adolescent, adulthood, and stranger violence; women more sexual, childhood, family, and intimate partner violence. Prevalence was generally higher in Guadalajara, though the impact was greater in Oaxaca compared to other cities. Of those exposed, 11.5% met DSM-IV criteria for PTSD. Probabilities were highest after sexual and intimate partner violence, higher for women than men, and higher in Oaxaca than other cities.

CONCLUSIONS:

It is important to consider the characteristics and the context of violence in order to develop effective prevention and intervention programs to reduce the exposure to and impact of violence.

PMID:
16088371
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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