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Glia. 2005 Dec;52(4):336-43.

Dopamine D2 and D3 receptor agonists limit oligodendrocyte injury caused by glutamate oxidative stress and oxygen/glucose deprivation.

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  • 1Neurology and GI Centre of Excellence for Drug Discovery, GlaxoSmithKline Research and Development Limited, Harlow, United Kingdom.

Abstract

Dopamine receptor activation is thought to contribute adversely to several neuropathological disorders, including Parkinson's disease and schizophrenia. In addition, dopamine may have a neuroprotective role: dopamine receptor agonists are reported to protect nerve cells by virtue of their antioxidant properties as well as by receptor-mediated mechanisms. White matter injury can also be a significant factor in neurological disorders. Using real-time RT-PCR, we show that differentiated rat cortical oligodendrocytes express dopamine D2 receptor and D3 receptor mRNA. Oligodendrocytes were vulnerable to oxidative glutamate toxicity and to oxygen/glucose deprivation injury. Agonists for dopamine D2 and D3 receptors provided significant protection of oligodendrocytes against these two forms of injury, and the protective effect was diminished by D2 and D3 antagonists. Levels of oligodendrocyte D2 receptor and D3 receptor protein, as measured by Western blotting, appeared to increase following combined oxygen and glucose deprivation. Our results suggest that dopamine D2 and D3 receptor activation may play an important role in oligodendrocyte protection against oxidative glutamate toxicity and oxygen-glucose deprivation injury.

Copyright 2005 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

PMID:
16078234
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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