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J Appl Psychol. 2005 Jul;90(4):811-8.

Goal orientation: effects on backing up behavior, performance, efficacy, and commitment in teams.

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  • 1Department of Management, Mays Business School, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77843-4221, USA.


The author examined the predictive validity of goal orientation in teams on both team process and outcome variables. Results indicate that when mean goal orientation scores were used as a way of describing team members' inputs, learning orientation was related to backing up behavior, efficacy, and commitment. The relationships between performance orientation and efficacy and commitment, however, were more complex and were clarified when task performance was also taken into account. Performance orientation had a negative effect on efficacy when task performance was low and a positive effect on commitment when task performance was high. The implications of these findings for theory and research on goal orientation in teams and team staffing are discussed.

Copyright 2005 APA, all rights reserved.

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