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Pediatr Res. 2005 Aug;58(2):222-8. Epub 2005 Jul 31.

Modulation of IGF-binding protein-2 and -3 in hyperoxic injury in developing rat lung.

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  • 1Floating Hospital for Children, New England Medical Center and Tufts Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02111, USA.


Retinoids play an important role in lung development and repair. We showed that retinoic acid (RA) inhibits O(2)-induced fibroblast proliferation in rat lung explants. IGF-1, which enhances the proliferation of human fetal lung fibroblasts and stimulates collagen production during lung injury, has an important role in the lung injury/repair process. Interactions of IGF-1 with its receptor are modulated by IGF-binding proteins IGFBPs. We hypothesized that RA alters IGFBP-2 and -3 in hyperoxia-exposed neonatal lung and alters collagen production. Neonatal rat lungs were cultured in room air or 95% O(2) and 5% CO(2) for 3 d with or without RA. IGFBP-2 and -3 were measured both in culture medium and in lung tissue. Type I collagen and procollagen propeptide were analyzed in the lung tissue. Hyperoxia induced an increase in type I collagen that was significantly inhibited in the presence of RA. IGFBP-2 and IGFBP-3 in the lungs were decreased in hyperoxia but significantly increased in hyperoxia plus RA. In the culture medium, IGFBP-2 and -3 were not increased with hyperoxia but significantly increased in the presence of RA plus hyperoxia. There was no increase in IGFBP-3 RNA transcript after RA treatment in either room air or O(2) exposure. In conclusion, RA modulates the secreted IGFBP-2 and -3 during O(2) exposure and inhibits the increase in collagen that occurs during lung injury. We speculate that RA protects against O(2)-induced neonatal lung injury through modulation of the IGFBPs.

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