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J Bone Joint Surg Br. 2005 Aug;87(8):1127-33.

The bicompartmental acetabulum in Perthes' disease: 3D-CT and MRI study.

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  • 1Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Seoul National University, Children's Hospital, Seoul, Korea.


The bicompartmental acetabulum is one of the morphological changes which may be seen in children with Legg-Calvé-Perthes' disease. Three-dimensional CT and MRI were used to analyse the detailed morphology of the acetabulum with special reference to its inner surface, in 16 patients with Perthes' disease and a bicompartmental acetabulum.The bicompartmental appearance was seen on the coronal plane image through the acetabular fossa. The lunate surface was seen to grow laterally resulting in an increased mediolateral thickness of the triradiate cartilage. On the horizontal plane images, the acetabular fossa had deepened and had a distinct prominence at its posterior border. The combination of these morphological changes resulted in a bicompartmental appearance on plain radiography. Acetabular bicompartmentalisation appears to be the result of an imbalance of growth between the cartilage-covered lunate surface and the cartilage-devoid acetabular fossa.

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