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Am J Physiol Cell Physiol. 2005 Dec;289(6):C1476-84. Epub 2005 Jul 27.

Reconstitution of local Ca2+ signaling between cardiac L-type Ca2+ channels and ryanodine receptors: insights into regulation by FKBP12.6.

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  • 1Dept. of Pharmacology and Physiology, Univ. of Rochester Medical Center, 601 Elmwood Ave., Rochester, NY 14642, USA.


Ca+-induced Ca2+ release (CICR) in the heart involves local Ca2+ signaling between sarcolemmal L-type Ca2+ channels (dihydropyridine receptors, DHPRs) and type 2 ryanodine receptors (RyR2s) in the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR). We reconstituted cardiac-like CICR by expressing a cardiac dihydropyridine-insensitive (T1066Y/Q1070M) alpha1-subunit (alpha1CYM) and RyR2 in myotubes derived from RyR1-knockout (dyspedic) mice. Myotubes expressing alpha1CYM and RyR2 were vesiculated and exhibited spontaneous Ca2+ oscillations that resulted in chaotic and uncontrolled contractions. Coexpression of FKBP12.6 (but not FKBP12.0) with alpha1CYM and RyR2 eliminated vesiculations and reduced the percentage of myotubes exhibiting uncontrolled global Ca2+ oscillations (63% and 13% of cells exhibited oscillations in the absence and presence of FKBP12.6, respectively). alpha1CYM/RyR2/FKBP12.6-expressing myotubes exhibited robust and rapid electrically evoked Ca2+ transients that required extracellular Ca2+. Depolarization-induced Ca2+ release in alpha1CYM/RyR2/FKBP12.6-expressing myotubes exhibited a bell-shaped voltage dependence that was fourfold larger than that of myotubes expressing alpha1CYM alone (maximal fluorescence change was 2.10 +/- 0.39 and 0.54 +/- 0.07, respectively), despite similar Ca2+ current densities. In addition, the gain of CICR in alpha1CYM/RyR2/FKBP12.6-expressing myotubes exhibited a nonlinear voltage dependence, being considerably larger at threshold potentials. We used this molecular model of local alpha1C-RyR2 signaling to assess the ability of FKBP12.6 to inhibit spontaneous Ca2+ release via a phosphomimetic mutation in RyR2 (S2808D). Electrically evoked Ca2+ release and the incidence of spontaneous Ca2+ oscillations did not differ in wild-type RyR2- and S2808D-expressing myotubes over a wide range of FKBP12.6 expression. Thus a negative charge at S2808 does not alter in situ regulation of RyR2 by FKBP12.6.

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