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J Pediatr Nurs. 2005 Aug;20(4):276-84.

Procedural-support music therapy in the healthcare setting: a cost-effectiveness analysis.

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  • Tallahassee Memorial Healthcare, The Florida State University, 32311, USA.


This comparative analysis examined the cost-effectiveness of music therapy as a procedural support in the pediatric healthcare setting. Many healthcare organizations are actively attempting to reduce the amount of sedation for pediatric patients undergoing various procedures. Patients receiving music therapy-assisted computerized tomography scans ( n = 57), echocardiograms ( n = 92), and other procedures ( n = 17) were included in the analysis. Results of music therapy-assisted procedures indicate successful elimination of patient sedation, reduction in procedural times, and decrease in the number of staff members present for procedures. Implications for nurses and music therapists in the healthcare setting are discussed.

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