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Methods Mol Biol. 2005;293:113-23.

Combined laser-assisted microdissection and short tandem repeat analysis for detection of in situ microchimerism after solid organ transplantation.

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  • 1Institute of Pathology, Medizinische Hochschule Hannover, Germany.


Following the transplantation of a solid organ leukocytes of donor origin migrate out of the organ, contributing to a chimeric blood cell population ("peripheral microchimerism"). At the same time, leukocytes and pluripotent precursor cells of the recipient migrate into the organ, creating an "in situ microchimerism." A method is described for the identification of cells with the recipient's genotype in the transplanted organ by combining laser-assisted microdissection and short tandem repeat analysis. The microdissection allows the contamination-free isolation of morphologically and immunohistochemically characterized cells or groups of cells from histological tissue sections. The subsequent analysis of highly polymorphic short tandem repeats enables unequivocal genotyping in nearly all donor-recipient instances. Employing this new methodological approach, we could identify in individual transplanted organs differentiated parenchymal cells of recipient's origin, which most probably are derived from circulating precursor cells from the bone marrow.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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