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Ann Intern Med. 2005 Jul 19;143(2):116-20.

Brief communication: The prevalence of high intake of vitamin E from the use of supplements among U.S. adults.

Author information

  • 1The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30341, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

People who consume at least 400 IU of vitamin E per day from supplements may be at slightly increased risk for premature mortality.

OBJECTIVE:

To estimate the percentage of U.S. adults age 20 years or older who consume at least 400 IU of vitamin E per day through the use of vitamins, minerals, or other dietary supplements.

DESIGN:

Cross-sectional analysis.

SETTING:

The 1999-2000 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey.

PATIENTS:

Representative sample of the civilian, noninstitutionalized U.S. population.

MEASUREMENTS:

Participants answered questions about the use of vitamins, minerals, or other dietary supplements.

RESULTS:

Among 4609 adults, 11.3% (95% CI, 9.7% to 13.1%) consumed at least 400 IU of vitamin E per day from supplements. Such intake increased with age, was about equal for men and women, and was more common among white persons (14.1%; CI, 11.9% to 16.7%) than African-American (3.7% [CI, 2.6% to 5.2%]) or Mexican-American persons (3.9% [CI, 2.8% to 5.4%]). The median dietary intake of vitamin E was 8.8 IU per day.

LIMITATIONS:

Information about vitamin E intake was self-reported.

CONCLUSIONS:

The use of vitamin E supplements in dosages of at least 400 IU per day is common among U.S. adults.

Comment in

PMID:
16027453
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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