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Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 2006 Feb 1;124(2):187-92. Epub 2005 Jul 18.

Emergency peripartum hysterectomy: A prospective study in The Netherlands.

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  • 1University Medical Centre Utrecht, Location WKZ, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Kwee, Gynaecologist, Room Number KE 04.123.1, Lundlaan 6, 3584 EA Utrecht, The Netherlands. a.kwee@umcutrecht.nl

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To determine the incidence, indication, association with caesarean section (CS) and outcome of emergency peripartum hysterectomy (EPH) in The Netherlands.

STUDY DESIGN:

All 100 Dutch obstetric departments were asked to participate in a prospective nationwide registration of EPH between 1 April 2002 and 1 April 2003. For every case, a form with questions about obstetrical history, current pregnancy and delivery, maternal and neonatal outcome was completed.

RESULTS:

Eighty-nine (89%) hospitals participated and registered in total 48 EPH. The estimated incidence of EPH is 0.33/1000 births. The main indication for EPH was placenta accreta (50%), followed by uterine atony (27%). There were two maternal deaths (4%). Severe maternal morbidity included: urinary tract injury 15%, relaparotomy 25%, transfusion >10 units red blood cells 67%, intensive care admission 77%. Both previous CS and CS in the index pregnancy were associated with a significant increased risk of EPH. The number of previous CS was related to an increased risk of placenta accreta, from 0.19% for one previous CS to 9.1% for four or more previous CS.

CONCLUSION:

Emergency peripartum hysterectomy is associated with a high incidence of maternal morbidity and a case fatality rate of 4%. It is significantly related to CS in index or previous pregnancy. Placenta accreta is the most common indication to perform a peripartum hysterectomy.

PMID:
16026917
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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