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Biochem J. 2005 Nov 15;392(Pt 1):201-9.

A novel physical and functional association between nucleoside diphosphate kinase A and AMP-activated protein kinase alpha1 in liver and lung.

Author information

  • 1Department of Maternal and Child Health Sciences, Ninewells Hospital, University of Dundee, Dundee DD1 9SY, UK.

Abstract

Nucleoside diphosphate kinase (NDPK, NM23/awd) belongs to a multifunctional family of highly conserved proteins (approximately 16-20 kDa) containing two well-characterized isoforms (NM23-H1 and -H2; also known as NDPK A and B). NDPK catalyses the conversion of nucleoside diphosphates into nucleoside triphosphates, regulates a diverse array of cellular events and can act as a protein histidine kinase. AMPK (AMP-activated protein kinase) is a heterotrimeric protein complex that responds to cellular energy status by switching off ATP-consuming pathways and switching on ATP-generating pathways when ATP is limiting. AMPK was first discovered as an activity that inhibited preparations of ACC1 (acetyl-CoA carboxylase), a regulator of cellular fatty acid synthesis. We report that NM23-H1/NDPK A and AMPK alpha1 are associated in cytosol from two different tissue sources: rat liver and a human lung cell line (Calu-3). Co-immunoprecipitation and binding assay data from both cell types show that the H1/A (but not H2/B) isoform of NDPK is associated with AMPK complexes containing the alpha1 (but not alpha2) catalytic subunit. Manipulation of NM23-H1/NDPK A nucleotide transphosphorylation activity to generate ATP (but not GTP) enhances the activity of AMPK towards its specific peptide substrate in vitro and also regulates the phosphorylation of ACC1, an in vivo target for AMPK. Thus novel NM23-H1/NDPK A-dependent regulation of AMPK alpha1-mediated phosphorylation is present in mammalian cells.

PMID:
16026327
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC1317679
Free PMC Article

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