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Mol Pharm. 2004 Sep-Oct;1(5):368-74.

In vivo evaluation of the boronated porphyrin TABP-1 in U-87 MG intracerebral human glioblastoma xenografts.

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  • 1Department of Neurological Surgery, University of California, San Francisco, California 94143, USA.

Abstract

Boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT) is an adjuvant therapy that has the potential to control local tumor growth. A selective delivery of sufficient amounts of boron to individual tumor cells, compared to surrounding normal tissues, is the key for successful BNCT. We have designed and synthesized a new highly water-soluble boronated porphyrin, TABP-1, as a possible BNCT agent. When we injected the maximum tolerated dose (MTD: 15 mg/kg) of TABP-1 systemically into the tail vein of athymic rats bearing intracerebral (i.c.) human glioblastoma U-87 MG xenografts, the compound accumulated preferentially in brain tumors compared to normal brain; however, the level of boron in the tumors was less than the 30 microg/g of tissue that is generally considered necessary for BNCT. We next investigated whether convection-enhanced delivery (CED) could improve the boron distribution. The compound was administered directly into i.c. tumors using an osmotic minipump attached to a brain-infusion cannula. TABP-1 doses from 0.25 to 1.0 mg infused locally over 24 h produced tumor boron concentrations greater than those obtained by systemic administration at the MTD. For example, CED administration of 0.5 mg of TABP-1 produced a tumor boron level of 65.4 microg/g of tumor, whereas the serum level was only 0.41 microg/g (tumor to serum ratio of approximately 160:1). CED also produced relatively high tumor to normal brain ratios of approximately 5:1 for ipsilateral brain and approximately 26:1 for contralateral brain tissues at the 0.5 mg dose. Thus, we may be able to achieve therapeutic BNCT efficacy with minimal systemic toxicity or radiation-induced damage to normal tissue by administering TABP-1 using CED.

PMID:
16026007
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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