Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Virol. 2005 Aug;79(15):9786-98.

Mapping of the hepatitis B virus pre-S1 domain involved in receptor recognition.

Author information

  • 1Department of Virology and Immunology, Southwest National Primate Research Center, Southwest Foundation for Biomedical Research, TX 78227, USA.


Hepatitis B virus (HBV) and woolly monkey hepatitis B virus (WMHBV) are primate hepadnaviruses that display restricted tissue and host tropisms. Hepatitis D virus (HDV) particles pseudotyped with HBV and WMHBV envelopes (HBV-HDV and WM-HDV) preferentially infect human and spider monkey hepatocytes, respectively, thereby confirming host range bias in vitro. The analysis of chimeric HBV and WMHBV large (L) envelope proteins suggests that the pre-S1 domain may comprise two regions that affect infectivity: one within the amino-terminal 40 amino acids of pre-S1 and one downstream of this region. In the present study, we further characterized the role of the amino terminus of pre-S1 in infectivity by examining the ability of synthetic peptides to competitively block HDV infection of primary human and spider monkey hepatocytes. A synthetic peptide representing the first 45 residues of the pre-S1 domain of the HBV L protein blocked infectivity of HBV-HDV and WM-HDV, with a requirement for myristylation of the amino terminal residue. Competition studies with truncated peptides suggested that pre-S1 residues 5 to 20 represent the minimal domain for inhibition of HDV infection and, thus, presumably represent the residues involved in virus-host receptor interaction. Recombinant pre-S1 proteins expressed in insect cells blocked infection with HBV-HDV and WM-HDV at a concentration of 1 nanomolar. The ability of short pre-S1 peptides to efficiently inhibit HDV infection suggests that they represent suitable ligands for identification of the HBV receptor and that a pre-S1 mimetic may represent a rational therapy for the treatment of HBV infection.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk