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Vascular. 2005 May-Jun;13(3):148-57.

Endovascular repair of the descending thoracic aorta: evidence for the change in clinical practice.

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  • 1Department of Vascular Surgery, St George's Hospital Medical School, London, United Kingdom.


The purpose was to review outcome data following endovascular repair of the descending thoracic aorta from reports published between 1994 and 2004. To accomplish this task, 1,518 patients underwent endovascular repair for thoracic aortic disease; 810 thoracic aortic aneurysms, 500 type B thoracic aortic dissections, and 106 traumatic ruptures. The 30-day mortality rate was 5.5% and 6% for late postoperative deaths. The primary technical success rate was 97%, with only 15 patients requiring open conversion. Neurologic deficits occurred in 29 patients. In total, 118 endoleaks were reported; 29 were restented, and the remainder required surgical intervention. Graft infection occurred in 6 cases, and migrations were detected in 10. The conclusion reached is that endovascular repair of descending thoracic aortic disease is feasible and can be achieved with low rates of perioperative morbidity and mortality. As few long-term data exist on the durability of thoracic stent grafts, lifelong surveillance remains necessary.

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