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Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi. 2005 May;27(5):302-5.

[Clinicopathological study of 4 renal juxtaglomerular cell tumors].

[Article in Chinese]

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  • 1Department of Pathology, Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital University of Medical Sciences, Beijing 100050, China.



To investigate the clinical characteristics, morphologic and immunohistochemical features, diagnosis, differential diagnosis, histogenesis and prognosis of renal juxtaglomerular cell tumor (JGCT).


Light microscopic observation; immunohistochemical assay of CK8, E-cadherin/CK7, CD10, Vim, Actin, CD34, S100, HMB45, CD31, Chr, Syn and CD117, EM; and follow-up were done on all 4 surgically treated JGCT patients.


All 4 JGCT were observed in young adult with clinically uncontrolled severe hypertension. Grossly, the tumor was encapsulated and small in size. Microscopically, the tumor cells grew in sheets predominantly, but papillary and onion-like pattern could also be seen. The stroma contained prominent vasculature that consisted of numerous thin-wall vessels clustering around thick-walled vessels. Tumor cells were rather small, polygonal, with slightly eosinophilic cytoplasm and ill-defined cell border. Nuclei were uniform in size but nuclear atypia and mitosis could be seen. Numerous mast cells were scattered among the tumor cells, and tubules were identified in 3 of 4 cases with positive expression of distal tubule marker of E-cadherin/CK7. Tumor cells positively expressed Vim, Actin, calponin, and CD34. All cases presented ultrastructural features of distinct rhomboid-shaped crystal. There was no recurrence or metastasis but hypertension persisted in three during follow-up (mean 37 months) for all 4 JGCT patients.


JGCT, originating from the juxtaglomerular cell, has a distinct benign entity, and it is typically found in young adults with severe hypertension. It has a unique morphology and ultrastructure features and positive immunoreactivity to Vim, Actin, calponin and CD34.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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