Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Genomics. 2005 Nov;86(5):518-27. Epub 2005 Jul 1.

Allelic variation in gene expression identified through computational analysis of the dbEST database.

Author information

  • 1Laboratory of Population Genetics, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA.


Differential expression between the two alleles of an individual and between people with different genotypes has been commonly observed. Quantitative differences in gene expression between people may provide the genetic basis for the phenotypic difference between individuals and may be the primary cause of complex diseases. In this paper, we developed a computational method to identify genes that displayed allelic variation in gene expression in human EST libraries. To model allele-specific gene expression, we first identified EST libraries in which both A and B alleles were expressed and then identified allelic variation in gene expression based on the EST counts for each allele using a binomial test. Among 1107 SNPs that had a sufficient number of ESTs for the analysis, 524 (47%) displayed allelic variation in at least one cDNA library. We verified experimentally the allelic variation in gene expression for 6 of these SNPs. The frequency of allelic variation observed in EST libraries was similar to the previous studies using the SNP chip and primer extension method. We found that genes that displayed allelic variation were distributed throughout the human genome and were enriched in certain chromosome regions. The SNPs and genes identified in this study will provide a rich source for evaluating the effects of those SNPs and associated haplotypes in human health and diseases.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk