Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Micron. 2005;36(6):519-24.

On the physical transformations of processed pharmaceutical solids.

Author information

  • 1Pharmaceutical Technology Research Group, Department of Pharmacy, University of Bath, UK.


Atomic force microscopy Phase Imaging, an adaptation of Tapping Mode AFM was used to visualise physico-mechanical variations on the surface of crystalline materials after being subjected to mechanically induced lattice damage. Large crystals (100-500 microm) of lactose were nucleated on AFM sample stubs, imaged and subjected to a milling process. The milled samples were then imaged at specific humidity using Phase Imaging. Phase and Amplitude images of the re-crystallised lactose suggested an ordered crystalline state with multiple platelets present across the surface. In comparison, the morphology and surface properties after a 1-min mill time suggested milling had a dramatic effect on the surface characteristics of the re-crystallised lactose. Phase and Topographical imaging during exposure to elevated humidities (70% RH) indicated both morphological and physico-mechanical changes that may be linked to surface amorphous re-crystallisation.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk