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Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2005 Jul 1;30(13):1496-500.

Expression and co-expression of VR1, CGRP, and IB4-binding glycoprotein in dorsal root ganglion neurons in rats: differences between the disc afferents and the cutaneous afferents.

Author information

  • 1Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Graduate School of Medicine, Chiba University, Chiba, Japan. yasuaoki@h6.dion.ne.jp

Abstract

STUDY DESIGN:

The expression of vanilloid receptor 1 (VR1), calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), and isolectin B4 (IB4)-binding glycoprotein in dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons innervating the lumbar disc and the plantar skin was investigated.

OBJECTIVE:

To characterize the DRG neurons innervating lumbar discs and those innervating cutaneous tissue in rats.

SUMMARY AND BACKGROUND DATA:

Small nociceptive DRG neurons are divided into nerve growth factor (NGF) sensitive and glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF)-sensitive neurons. CGRP and IB4-binding glycoprotein are recognized as specific markers for NGF and GDNF-sensitive neurons, respectively. VR1 is localized in small DRG neurons.

METHODS:

Using histochemical staining and retrograde tracing methods, the expression of VR1, CGRP, and IB4-binding glycoprotein in DRG neurons innervating the L5-L6 disc and the plantar skin was examined in rats.

RESULTS:

DRG neurons innervating the disc showed positive staining as: 23.4% VR1, 54.4% CGRP, and 1.0% IB4-binding glycoprotein. The following distribution was found for DRG neurons innervating the skin: 35.1% VR1, 41.1% CGRP, and 19.5% IB4-binding glycoprotein. Percentages of neurons positive for VR1 and IB4-binding glycoprotein were significantly lower in DRG neurons innervating the disc than in DRG neurons innervating the skin (P < 0.05), while no significant difference was observed in the percentage of neurons positive for CGRP.

CONCLUSIONS:

VR1 is less abundant in lumbar disc than in cutaneous tissue. Our data suggest that nociceptive information from the disc is transmitted mostly by NGF-sensitive neurons, while that from the cutaneous tissue is transmitted by both NGF-sensitive and GDNF-sensitive neurons.

PMID:
15990662
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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