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Oligonucleotides. 2005 Summer;15(2):119-31.

Quantification of oligodeoxynucleotides in human plasma with a novel hybridization assay offers greatly enhanced sensitivity over capillary gel electrophoresis.

Author information

  • 1Coley Pharmaceutical Canada, Ottawa, ON. sefler@coleypharma.com

Abstract

Capillary gel electrophoresis using UV detection (CGE-UV) has been used to quantify oligodeoxynucleotides (ODN) in human plasma. Although the sensitivity of this method is adequate to detect antisense ODN, which are administered in daily doses up to 10 mg/kg, CGE-UV is not sensitive enough to detect the much lower quantities of ODN administered for other purposes, such as immune stimulation by CpG ODN. We have developed a very sensitive colorimetric hybridization assay that increases the sensitivity of detection by more than four logs compared with CGE-UV. The hybridization assay uses sequence-specific capture and detection ODN probes complementary to portions of the ODN sequence. Herein we provide a prototype for assay development and validation using a 24- mer immunostimulatory phosphorothioate ODN. Probes were locked nucleic acids (LNA), resulting in increased sensitivity and specificity. The linear range of the assay is 7.8-1000 pg/ml, with a 7.8 pg/ml lower limit of quantification (LLOQ) and a detection limit of 2.8 pg/ml. This translates to detection of 40 attamoles. Intraassay and interassay precision were < or =5.0% CV and < or =12.9% CV, respectively, for quality control samples. The assay is suitable for a variety of matrices, including monkey and rat plasma, allowing application to toxicokinetic samples. The methodology is highly specific, with the ability to distinguish almost all single-base mismatched ODN. The assay detects 100% of the parent as well as some metabolites up to N-4, which are known to be the primary metabolites forming in the first hours after in vivo administration and are physiologically active with in vitro assays.

PMID:
15989426
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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