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Langmuir. 2004 Jun 22;20(13):5569-74.

Tailoring the surface properties of poly(dimethylsiloxane) microfluidic devices.

Author information

  • 1Center for Biomedical Engineering, Integrated Nanosystems Research Facility, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of California, Irvine, California 92697, USA.

Abstract

Poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS) is an attractive material for microelectrophoretic applications because of its ease of fabrication, low cost, and optical transparency. However, its use remains limited compared to that of glass. A major reason is the difficulty of tailoring the surface properties of PDMS. We demonstrate UV grafting of co-mixed monomers to customize the surface properties of PDMS microfluidic channels in a simple one-step process. By co-mixing a neutral monomer with a charged monomer in different ratios, properties between those of the neutral monomer and those of the charged monomer could be selected. Mixtures of four different neutral monomers and two different charged monomers were grafted onto PDMS surfaces. Functional microchannels were fabricated from PDMS halves grafted with each of the different mixtures. By varying the concentration of the charged monomer, microchannels with electrophoretic mobilities between +4 x 10(-4) cm2/(V s) and -2 x 10(-4) cm2/(V s) were attainable. In addition, both the contact angle of the coated surfaces and the electrophoretic mobility of the coated microchannels were stable over time and upon exposure to air. By carefully selecting mixtures ofmonomers with the appropriate properties, it may be possible to tailor the surface of PDMS for a large number of different applications.

PMID:
15986702
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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