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FASEB J. 2005 Jul;19(9):1078-87.

Reactive oxygen species-dependent TNF-alpha converting enzyme activation through stimulation of 5-HT2B and alpha1D autoreceptors in neuronal cells.

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  • 1Institut AndrĂ© Lwoff-Institut Pasteur, CNRS UPR 1983, Laboratoire de DiffĂ©renciation Cellulaire et Prions, Villejuif Cedex, France.


A major determinant of neuronal homeostasis is the proper integration of cell signaling pathways recruited by a variety of neuronal and non-neuronal factors. By taking advantage of a neuroectodermal cell line (1C11) endowed with the capacity to differentiate into serotonergic (1C115-HT) or noradrenergic (1C11NE) neurons, we identified serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT)- and norepinephrine (NE)-dependent signaling cascades possibly involved in neuronal functions. First, we establish that 5-HT2B receptors and 1D adrenoceptors are functionally coupled to reactive oxygen species (ROS) synthesis through NADPH oxidase activation in 1C115-HT and 1C11NE cells. This observation constitutes the prime evidence that bioaminergic autoreceptors take part in the control of the cellular redox equilibrium in a neuronal context. Second, our data identify TACE (TNF- Converting Enzyme), a member of a disintegrin and metalloproteinase (ADAM) family, as a downstream target of the 5-HT2B and 1D receptor-NADPH oxidase signaling pathways. Upon 5-HT2B or 1D receptor stimulation, ROS fully govern TNF- shedding in the surrounding milieu of 1C115-HT or 1C11NE cells. Third, 5-HT2B and 1Dreceptor couplings to the NADPH oxidase-TACE cascade are strictly restricted to 1C11-derived progenies that have implemented a complete serotonergic or noradrenergic phenotype. Overall, these observations suggest that 5-HT2B and 1D autoreceptors may play a role in the maintenance of neuron- and neurotransmitter-associated functions. Eventually, our study may have implications regarding the origin of oxidative stress as well as up-regulated expression of proinflammatory cytokines in neurodegenerative disorders, which may relate to the deviation of normal signaling pathways.

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