Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Circulation. 2005 Jul 5;112(1):12-8. Epub 2005 Jun 27.

In vivo cell seeding with anti-CD34 antibodies successfully accelerates endothelialization but stimulates intimal hyperplasia in porcine arteriovenous expanded polytetrafluoroethylene grafts.

Author information

  • 1Laboratory of Experimental Cardiology, University Medical Center, Utrecht, The Netherlands.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The patency of AV expanded polytetrafluoroethylene (ePTFE) grafts for hemodialysis is impaired by intimal hyperplasia (IH) at the venous outflow tract. The absence of a functional endothelial monolayer on the prosthetic grafts is an important stimulus for IH. In the present study, we evaluated the feasibility of capturing endothelial progenitor cells in vivo using anti-CD34 antibodies on ePTFE grafts to inhibit IH in porcine AV ePTFE grafts.

METHODS AND RESULTS:

In 11 pigs, anti-CD34-coated ePTFE grafts were implanted between the carotid artery and internal jugular vein. Bare ePTFE grafts were implanted at the contralateral side. After 3 (n=2) or 28 (n=9) days, the pigs were terminated, and the AV grafts were excised for histological analysis and SEM. At 3 and 28 days after implantation, 95% and 85% of the coated graft surface was covered by endothelial cells. In contrast, no cell coverage was observed in the bare graft at 3 days, whereas at 28 days, bare grafts were partly covered with endothelial cells (32%; P=0.04). Twenty-eight days after implantation, IH at the venous anastomosis was strongly increased in anti-CD34-coated grafts (5.96+/-1.9 mm2) compared with bare grafts (1.70+/-0.4 mm2; P=0.03). This increase in IH coincided with enhanced cellular proliferation at the venous anastomosis.

CONCLUSIONS:

Autoseeding with anti-CD34 antibodies results in rapid endothelialization within 72 hours. Despite persistent endothelial graft coverage, IH at the outflow tract is increased profoundly at 4 weeks after implantation. Further modifications are required to stimulate the protective effects of trapped endothelial cells.

PMID:
15983250
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk