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Mol Biol Cell. 2005 Sep;16(9):4225-30. Epub 2005 Jun 22.

Abl tyrosine kinase and its substrate Ena/VASP have functional interactions with kinesin-1.

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  • 1Department of Biology, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN 47405, USA.

Abstract

Relatively little is known about how microtubule motors are controlled or about how the functions of different cytoskeletal systems are integrated. A yeast two-hybrid screen for proteins that bind to Drosophila Enabled (Ena), an actin polymerization factor that is negatively regulated by Abl tyrosine kinase, identified kinesin heavy chain (Khc), a member of the kinesin-1 subfamily of microtubule motors. Coimmunoprecipitation from Drosophila cytosol confirmed a physical interaction between Khc and Ena. Kinesin-1 motors can carry organelles and other macromolecular cargoes from neuronal cell bodies toward terminals in fast-axonal-transport. Ena distribution in larval axons was not affected by mutations in the Khc gene, suggesting that Ena is not itself a fast transport cargo of Drosophila kinesin-1. Genetic interaction tests showed that in a background sensitized by reduced Khc gene dosage, a reduction in Abl gene dosage caused distal paralysis and axonal swellings. A concomitant reduction in ena dosage rescued those defects. These results suggest that Ena/VASP, when not inhibited by the Abl pathway, can bind Khc and reduce its transport activity in axons.

PMID:
15975902
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC1196332
Free PMC Article
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