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Theriogenology. 2005 Aug;64(3):720-33.

Long-term motility and fertility conservation of chilled canine semen using egg yolk added Tris-glucose extender: in vitro and in vivo studies.

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  • 1College of Veterinary Medicine, LACS Small Animal Reproduction, University of Florida Gainesville, P.O.B. 10036, 2015 SW 16 AV, Gainesville, USA.


The effects of medium exchange on motility parameters of chilled canine semen preserved in egg yolk Tris-glucose (EYTG) extender were analyzed over a 27-d period. Semen extender was exchanged at three time points (Days 11, 21 and 27) after collection, when motility parameters were demonstrated to significantly decrease from parameters observed at semen preparation (Day 0) or at day of previous extender exchange. In the absence of medium exchanges, motile spermatozoa were observed up to Day 16 (mean +/- S.D. 1.5 +/- 0.3% of motile spermatozoa). A stimulation of the different semen motility parameters was observed after extender exchange. Semen extender exchange at Day 11 allowed conservation of motility until Day 21, compared to 16 d in the absence of extender exchange. At Day 21, when spermatozoa appeared immobile or dead, a second extender exchange was performed, allowing the extension of motility conservation up to Day 27. The third extender exchange, performed at Day 27, was no longer associated with motility stimulation. Glucose content in the medium decreased slowly over time; a concomitant decrease in pH was also observed. No changes in osmolarity were observed over time. To verify the fertility of long-term conserved chilled semen, two groups of 10 bitches were inseminated either once (Group 1) or twice at 48-h intervals (Group 2) intra-vaginally with semen conserved chilled for a mean of 9 +/- 1.8 d. Out of the 10 bitches inseminated once, 5 became pregnant, versus 7 in the group of animals inseminated twice. The present study reports the possibility to extend the conservation of chilled canine semen up to 3 wk with conservation of good fertility for at least 10 d. The role of energetic substrate and pH alteration is postulated and the classically accepted relation of semen motility/viability is raised.

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