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Theriogenology. 2005 Dec;64(9):1898-912. Epub 2005 Jun 14.

Influence of extender, freezing rate, and thawing rate on post-thaw motility, viability and morphology of coyote (Canis latrans) spermatozoa.

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  • 1Utah State University, Department of Fisheries and Wildlife, Logan, UT 84322, USA.


The objective of this study was to examine the post-thaw effects of three cryoprotective extenders (Tris-fructose-citric acid extender, Tris-glucose-citric acid extender, and lactose extender), three linear freezing rates (-1, -6, and -20 degrees C/min), and three thawing rates (37 degrees C water bath for 120s, 60 degrees C water bath for 30s, and 70 degrees C water bath for 8s) on coyote spermatozoa. After thawing, the findings supported that cryopreservation of coyote (Canis latrans) spermatozoa frozen at a moderate freezing rate (-6 degrees C/min), in either a Tris-fructose or Tris-glucose extender, and thawed at a slow rate (37 degrees C water bath for 120s) or moderate rate (60 degrees C water bath for 30s), resulted in a more vigorous post-thaw motility (range, 57.5-44.0%) and viability (range, 64-49.6%) with the least amount of morphological and acrosomal abnormalities.

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